Category Archives: Temperament

Last Christmas

lastchristmas

Last Christmas, I gave you my heart
But the very next day, you gave it away  Last Christmas – Wham

As a friend says, “Last Christmas” is the very song of Christmas time, especially for those guys, as my friend and I, who were just teenagers in 1984 when the single was released.

The geniture

Since George Michael’s birth time is 6 a.m. from memory, we need to check it and in case correct it. If the birth time is corrected to 5:41 we find a death direction of Saturn to the Ascendent by opposition. The Ascendent is the apheta in George Michael’s geniture as we will see.

George Michael geniture.png

The Temperament

Jupiter is the Lord of the Ascendent by exaltation and he is in sestile with the Ascendent. The Moon, which is also the Lord of the Ascendent, in Leo is moving away from the trine of Jupiter and applying to the opposition of Saturn. Since Jupiter is also one of the triplicity lord of the Moon, we can say that Jupiter is the Lord of Temperament. Since Jupiter is oriental, he is hot and moist and the temperament is sanguine. The Moon is waxing adding humidity and a bit of warm. Pollux and Bellatrix, star of nature of Mars, are rising at the horoscope and Mars is angular squaring the horoscope so there is an increase in the hot quality.

Ptolemy says:

Jupiter, as the ruler of the aforesaid regions, when he is rising, makes his subjects in appearance light of skin, but in such a way as to have a good colour, with moderately curling hair and large eyes, tall, and commanding respect; in temperament they exceed in the hot and the moist.

The Soul

Mercury invisible in Gemini is in conjunction with Venus in the terms of Venus. Also Mercury is in his domicile and his nocturnal triplicity. Mercury is in sestile with Jupiter and he is in quartile  in mundo with Saturn, which is also the diurnal triplicity ruler of Mercury. So Venus and Jupiter are the Lords of the Soul but Mercury and Saturn cast a melancholic shadow over his jovial character especially because Saturn is making an epidekateia to Mercury.

Ptolemy says:

Jupiter, allied with Venus, in honourable positions makes his subjects pure, pleasure-loving, lovers of the beautiful, of children, of spectacles, and of the domain of the Muses, singers, fond of those who reared them, of good character, beneficent, compassionate, guileless, religious, prone to athletic training, fond of competition, wise, affectionate, charming in a dignified way, magnanimous, fair, charitable, fond of learning, of good judgement, moderate and decorous in matters of love, fond of their kinsfolk, pious, just, ambitious, seekers after glory, and in general gentlemanly.

Jupiter and Venus are both in honorable position in his geniture in particular because both planet are in their proper face or almugea. We know that George Michael was a magnanimous and charitable man who during his life gave generously to many charities often without publicity.

The Star Aldebaran and the Hyades are with Mercury and Venus. Aldebaran is the red eye of the Bull, of nature of Mars; the Hyades are the moist stars on the Taurus’ muzzle which cause passion. Christoph Pezel says that when Aldebaran is united with the Lord of the Soul makes a restless, impetuosus, man; Argoli says that makes a martial soul and  gives animosity.

In respect to matters of love we inspect through Mars according to Ptolemy. Mars is in quartile with Venus and Mercury.

With Venus alone, or if Jupiter also is with her, but Saturn is not present, he produces lustful, careless men, who seek their pleasures from every quarter; and if one of the planets is an evening and the other a morning star, men who have relations with both males and females, but no more than moderately inclined to either. But if both are evening stars, they will be inclined toward the females alone, and if the signs of the zodiac are feminine, they themselves will be pathics. If both are morning stars, they will be infected only with love of boys, and if the signs of the zodiac are masculine, with males of any age.

Mars is occidental and Venus is oriental. Lets note that Venus oriental is in Gemini, a masculine sign.

Moreover the Hyades are with Venus and Mercury and, according to Ptolemy, this union makes the soul subject to the passions and inclined to obscenity. Moreover the presence of Mercury make the situation notorious and the passions more various.

The Profession

Venus and Mercury are the closest planet to the Sun. Mercury is invisible though. Venus is also the ruler of the MC by exaltation, triplicity and terms. Lord of Action, therefore, is Venus with the participation of Mercury.

Again, when two planets are found to rule action, if Mercury and Venus take the rulership, they bring about action expressed by the arts of the Muses, musical instruments, melodies, or poems, and rhythm, particularly when they have exchanged places.

Mercury is in quartile in mundo with Tyche  which is with the star Regulus.

The death

Michael death direction.png

Since the Luminaries aren’t in aphetic places and so Tyche, the Lot of Fortune, the Ascendent is the giver of life.

In the picture above we see the direction of Saturn to  the descendent. Moreover at the same time a direction of Mars to the square of Jupiter. Jupiter is, as we have talked about before, George Michael’s Lord of the Body.

Death-revolution.png

In his last solar return we see the Lot of Fortune with Saturn and the Moon is squared both in the zodiac and in mundo with the a dexter square by Saturn. Both the Moon and the Pars of Fortune are significators of the body, moreover in nativity Saturn is opposing the Moon.

Death-Direction-Revolution.png

From the comparison between the Directions and the Solar Revolution we see that Saturn is on the Ascendent of Revolution and that the Moon of Revolution is in opposition to the  Sun of Direction.

The Admission to the Hospital in Vienna

On 21 November 2011 during a tour, the singer was admitted to a hospital in Vienna, Austria as a consequence of a serious pneumonia and stayed in an intensive care unit till 21 December 2011 where he was in coma and he undergone also a tracheotomy.

Hospital-Direction.png

The directed Moon arrives at the Horoscope and also at the square of Mars of Nativity.

Hospital-Revolution.png

In the Solar Revolution we see the violent star Antares rising at the horoscope with Altair. The Moon, Venus and Saturn are angular. Saturn occidental at the MC in Libra is opposing the waning Moon at the IC in Aries. Noteworthy is that the Moon is dry and cold because of her phase and  Saturn is very dry and cold being occidental. Their opposition intensifies the melancholic humor and strongly effects the body. Moreover the Jupiter of Nativity is with the Moon of Revolution. Also the Mars of Revolution in Gemini squares the Moon of Profection which is the Lord of Year since the profected horoscope is in Cancer.

The singing teacher

paolo-poli

I started off on the sinister foot since my early childhood. Paolo Poli

Among his many hidden faces there is mainly the one of a sweet, good mannered Genius of Evil : he is a wolf under lambskin and in his farces both wolves and lambs, the ferocius cruelty and the wise innocence are mocked. Natalia Ginzburg about Paolo Poli

Paolo Paoli was, as the journalist and writer Camilla Cederna said, a singing teacher. Singing because he loved to entertain his audience with popular song from the first half of the XX siecle, with lullabies, with musical recitation using his subtle, ductile and expressive voice. Teacher because he was well educated, having a master degree in French literature, and he used to recite pieces, which he often personally assembled and adapted from different masterpieces of niche leterature mingled with popular songs and pop culture. Teacher also because his shows were a sort of  life and sentimental education through an unprejudiced , witty, well-read and ludicrious eye.
It’s very hard to outline his verve, his ironic and irriverent vein, his ability to switch from a character to another, his expressive virtuosism both by voice and body without having seen one of his show. His plays were characterized by a strong comic connotation, like surreal and dreamlike comedies which he often recited en travesti.

The mercurial daemon

Poli geniture.png

The temperament and the body

At a first look it’s not so easy to identify the lord of temperament. Jupiter, the Lord of the Moon by domicile, triplicity and bounds, is neither in aspect with the Moon nor with the Ascendent. Moreover Jupiter is combust. Saturn, the domicile Lord of the Horoscope, is aversion both with the Horoscope and the Moon and cadent. Therefore both Jupiter and Saturn are too weak to be our candidates. The Moon is void of course but defluxing from Mars. Mars is also the exaltation Lord of the Horoscope. Furthermore Jupiter, Lord of the Moon, is squaring in mundo Mars. So Mars is the Lord of temperament. Mercury, dignified by domicile and triplicity, though, is in opposition to Saturn and in anti parallel of declination with the Moon, so Mercury can be the second Lord of temperament.

Mars occidental in Leo is hot and very dry; Mercury heading to the first station is hot. The Moon is close to the full Moon so she is hot. The temperament is therefore hot and dry.

Paolo_Poli_giovane.jpg

A young Paolo Poli

Ptolemy says:

When Mars is setting, he makes them in appearance simply ruddy, of middle height, with small eyes, not much hair on the body, and straight yellow hair; their temperament exceeds in the dry.

In the occident Mercury makes them, in appearance, of light but not of good colouring, with straight hair and olive complexion, lean and spare, with glancing, brilliant eyes, and somewhat ruddy; in temperament they exceed in the dry.

Poli was tall and with fair skin and hair.

The soul and the intellect

Mercury is in his own dignity by domicile and triplicity. Venus is in sextile with Mercury but the aspect will not be perfected because Mercury turns retrograde in few days. So Mercury and Mars are lords of the soul. Mercury is lord of the intellect, Mars of the sensitive soul. Mercury gives him the clarity of mind, the versatility, the linguistic proficiency; Mars gives the sharp irony, the irreverent verve, the tireless devotion to his work.

Ptolemy says

Allied with Mercury, in honourable positions Mars makes his subjects leaders of armies, skilful, vigorous, active, not to be despised, resourceful, inventive, sophistic, painstaking, rascally, talkative, pugnacious, tricky, unstable, systematic workers, practising evil arts, keen-witted, deceitful, hypocritical, insidious, of bad character, meddlers, inclined to rascality but nevertheless successful and capable of keeping contract and faith with persons like themselves, and in general injurious to their enemies and helpful to their friends.

Let’s note the dexter square in mundo of Saturn to Venus: that is an epidekateia. Since Saturn is on the right side and is the out-of-sect malefic Saturn has a strong corruptive influence. Moreover Saturn is in wide opposition  to Mercury in the zodiac. Poli was homosexual but he didn’t engage in long term relationships preferring to be single and have one night stand encounters.

The profession

No planet is at the MC. The Moon is void of course. No planet is doing an heliacal rising: Mars is occidental, Venus is oriental between the second station and the mean motion, Mercury is occidental heading to the vespertine heliacal setting in the next seven days. So no planet properly matches the ptolemaic requirements but anyway we can say that Venus is in a phase pretty close to the heliacal rising. So Venus is significator of actions. Let’s note, though, that Mercury is in its domicile and making a phase: the evening heliacal setting  Mercury is out-of-sect doryphoros to the Sun because it is making a phase to the Sun and it is the domicile lord of the Sun but it is of the nocturnal sect because it is occidental. Moreover Mercury is in sextile with Venus. So Venus tell us about Poli’s profession with the additional influence of Mercury.

Ptolemy says:

Again, when two planets are found to rule action, if Mercury and Venus take the rulership, they bring about action expressed by the arts of the Muses, musical instruments, melodies, or poems, and rhythm, particularly when they have exchanged places. For they produce workers in the theatre, actors, dealers in slaves, makers of musical instruments, members of the chorus, makers of strings, painters, dancers, weavers, and wax-moulders

The length of life and death

The Moon is the Apheta because she is the light of the Time and she is in an aphetical place. Mars is the alchocoden and since it is in an angle it gives its greater years: 66. Mars  is in sextile with the Sun so he adds 19 years which gives 85 years. Poli was 82 year old when he died.

In the last revolution we see Mars opposing the natal Moon at 6° of Sagittarius. Also Saturn is close to the Moon of nativity. Moreover Mars is also the Lord of horoscope of revolution; Mars is in aversion with the horoscope on the cusp of the VIII house. In the solar return the Moon is moving from Mars applying to Mercury, lord of the VIII house and also on it cusp.

Poli's Revolution.png

In the protection the profected Moon reaches the opposition of Mars.

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The day of Poli’s death the apheta, the Moon, reaches the occidental horizon.

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The Sultan of Turkey trembles

Hanged man

The first of November 2015 a new general election will be held in Turkey since the last election of the 7 June 2015 resulted in a hung parliament.

Erdogan, who was prime minister for eleven year till 2014 and its now president of Turkey, called in August for new election after the Justice and Development Party (AKP) lost the absolute majority and it was impossible to form a coalition. Erdogan, founder of the AKP, wanted to give a second possibility to his party to gain the absolute majority and so to realize his project to transform Turkey into a presidential republic.

Erdogan, a very shrewd and charismatic leader and politician, was involved in corruption scandals and controversies and his increasing weakness begins to be reveled by dissent which show up as partial lost of political consensus of his party, the AKP.

The  geniture

Recep Tayyip Erdogan

Temperament

Since the Horoscope is in Capricorn, domicile of Saturn and exaltation of Mars, and Saturn is at the MC squaring the ascendent and Mars is conjunct with the Moon, Saturn and  Mars are the  Lords of Temperament. Saturn oriental, is cold and moderately dry; Mars oriental, matutine is hot and dry. The Moon is in the last quarter, waining so she adds a more melancholic tone. Moreover the Mars and Moon are with the star Antares, of nature of Mars and Jupiter, and with Vega, star of nature of Venus and Mercury. So his temperament is mainly dry and temperate, that is, melancholic choleric. His body is  quite tall and robust, with  a rosy complexion and brown eyes. Saturn is the constellation of Virgo and the ascendent in the constellation of Sagittarius, so they give a bigger and well shaped body but the Moon and Mars in the constellation of Scorpio lessen the grace and proportion of the body.

Lord of the Soul

Since the Moon is in Sagitarius with Mars and Mercury with Venus in Pisces, squared by Jupiter the Lords of the Soul are Jupiter and Mars but Venus contributes because she is with Mercury exalted in Pisces, doing the evening heliacal rising.

Ptolemy says

Jupiter allied with Mars in honourable positions makes his subjects rough, pugnacious, military, managerial, restless, unruly, ardent, reckless, practical, outspoken, critical, effective, contentious, commanding, given to plotting, respectable, virile, fond of victory, but magnanimous, ambitious, passionate, judicious, successful. In the opposite position he makes them insolent, undiscriminating, savage, implacable, seditious, contentious, stubborn, slanderous, conceited, avaricious, rapacious, quickly changeable, light, readily changing their minds, unstable, headstrong, untrustworthy, of poor judgement, unfeeling, excitable, active, querulous, prodigal, gossipy, and in all ways uneven and easily excited.

Jupiter is not very well placed being in detriment in Gemini and occidental and furthermore Mars are Jupiter are in opposition and the opposition is a discordant figure. So this aspect gives to the quality of his soul a negative shade. Venus in is exaltation in Pisces, doing the evening heliacal rising gives him a magnetic personality and soften his hard attitude and make him more jovial especially in a familiar environment.

About the opposition of Mar and Jupiter notable is what the Anonymous says:

Produces all sorts of irregularities and confusion concerning the condition of life and changes friends into enemies, since Jupiter is indeed the cause of peace, Mars of wrath and anger and the diameter figure is hostile. It means the worries that come from precipitation and from the agitated thoughts.

and Firmicus adds:

They raise serious danger because of stormy relationships or hazardous activities.

Firmicus says about the Mars Moon conjunction:

This conjunction makes men hot tempered and every activity they begin often has a successful outcome, especially if these stars are placed in an angle of the geniture. And though it’s decreed for them a short life time or a premature end obstacles the course of their lives. For someone it inflicts the stain of a poor health and dangerous situations of all kinds. And if anything of that happens, it causes an unhappy and miserable end or moves against them the power of the ironware or of the sword. This union shows for the mother the sad scourge of the disease, so her body is weakened by infirmity. But if Jupiter, located in favorable places of the geniture or in the main corners, in his home or in his exaltation, observes these stars with benign radiation, the dangers of all these accidents are mitigated.

Moreover we must point out the conjunction of Moon and Mars with star Antares. Indeed if it rises or culminates gives honors and elevation when it is commingled with benevolent planets; it behaves contrary, if it is commingled with malefics. Pretty bad for the body and for the uncertain fortune; it makes a man furious and reckless, Cardano says. And he adds: with the Moon it makes violent men, with great audacity and many dangers. According to Pezelius, with the significators of the soul it gives violent traits and audacity mixed with cruelty.

The quality of action and dignity of the native

Mars oriental to the Sun, receiving the application of the Moon and having dominion on the MC is the Lord of Activities. Jupiter is configured with Mars in Sagittarius so it participates. Saturn contributes being at the MC. Saturn generally makes manager and administrators.

Ptolemy says:

Mars,in aspect with the sun,… If Jupiter testifies, he produces soldiers, police officers, publicans, innkeepers, ferrymen, assistants at sacrifice.

Rethorius says:

The star of Mars changing to be in the star of the Good Daemon by night makes the existence of many good things and those who are deemed worthy of honor by the people, and friends among the powerful.

Concerning the honor and dignity we note that the Moon, Luminary of the Time, receives the doryphory of Mars, Jupiter, Venus and Mercury. So the native is quite dignified and will reach a very good social position.

A sinister shadow

We have already observed the presence of Mars with the Moon and with Antares which give a violent nature to the native and dangers and worries. But Mars is in sect so it isn’t too problematic. Instead Saturn, out-of-sect, culminating at the MC, even if it is Lord of the Horoscope, is quite sinister.

Firmicus says:

Saturn by night on the MC indicates misfortunes: loss of inheritance, no marriage, no children, especially if it’s in the house of terms of a malefic planet. But if a benefic planet, that is, Venus or Jupiter if in a favorable aspect to Saturn thus located by night, those things which were denied will be given in another way. But in general Saturn located in any angles by night indicates the greatest evils. He destroys wife and children and always predicts grief from loss of relatives.

In Erdogan’s geniture Saturn is trined by Sun, Mercury and Venus so the dangers are weakened but still incumbent.

A glimpse into the future

Due to the incoming political election in Turkey it is interesting to glance in the Erdogan’s near future.

Profection - 1st november 2015

Profection – 1st november 2015

From the Profection for the 1st of November 2015 we see that the Profected Moon and Mars are received by Horoscope of nativity in Capricorn. The Profected horoscope is with the Sun of nativity in Pisces. Those configurations could not be a good sign about his health. Moreover the Profected Saturn in Sagittarius is in opposition to the Natal Jupiter.

Solar Return 2015

Solar Return 2015

In the last Solar Return we see Mars, the Lord of the Horoscope of Revolution, in its domicile in Aries in the V place with Venus. Vega also is rising at the horoscope. But Saturn of Nativity is over the horoscope of Revolution and Saturn of Revolution in conjunction with the Moon and Mars of  the Nativity which in turn oppose the Moon of Revolution. Moreover the Moon in the Solar Return is in aversion with the horoscope and with Algol and Aldebaran.

The Lord of the year from the Profection is Saturn because is in the lord of the Profected horoscope in Aquarius for the day of the Solar Return. So Erdogan till the next birthday will be ruled by Saturn.  Anyway due to the daily motion of the Horoscope, on the first of November will be already in Pisces and the benefic Jupiter is a far better ruler.

The directions are not good either especially at the end of October but they are very effected by the correctness of the birth hour, which I rectified by his major life event but obviously still remains uncertain.

For sure this year was not very good for Erdogan as we see from the Solar Return and Saturn as Lord of the year. After the next elections probably the situation will be unchanged.

Two choleric of success

choleric “It engenders choler, planteth anger; And better ’twere that both of us did fast, Since, of ourselves, ourselves are choleric, Than feed it with such over-roasted flesh.” The Taming of the Shrew – William Shakespeare

Gordon Ramsay is a well known Scottish chef and restaurateur. His restaurants have been awarded with Michelin stars and he is also a popular tv star being known for presenting TV programmes about food and culinary competitions. Though Ramsay’s reputation is built upon his goal of culinary perfection he is also infamous for his fiery temper and use of expletives which led him to confrontations whit his kitchen staff and patecipants in tv shows. Below his geniture: Gordon Ramsay The Lord of Activity in his geniture is Mars, being close to the Sun and oriental, visible and in sect. Mars receives the Sun in Scorpio being in sextile with it. Mars is also in opposition with Saturn in Pisces. This Lord is very well suited for a chef profession because of the testimonies of Saturn and Sun, as Ptolemy says:

Mars, in aspect with the sun, makes his subjects those who use fire in their crafts, such as cooks, moulders, cauterizers, smiths, workers in mines; if he is not with the sun, those who work with iron, such as shipbuilders, carpenters, farmers, quarrymen, stone-dressers, jewellers, splitters of wood, and their subordinate workers. If Saturn testifies to him, he produces seamen, drawers of water, tunnelers, painters, gamekeepers, cooks, embalmers. If Jupiter testifies, he produces soldiers, servants, publicans, innkeepers, ferrymen, assistants at sacrifice.

Mars is configurated also with Venus, which is in corde solis, adding taste, art,refinement and pleasure to his profession. Venus in the heart of the Sun surely dignify Ramsay with fame and success.Venus in corde Solis In fact Andrea Argoli says in his “Ptolemaeus parvus in genethliacis junctus Arabibus”:

Venus in corde solis, semper ingentes elargitur honores, si a maleficis non affligatur Saturno aut Marte Venus in the heart of the Sun, always bestows considerable honors, if it is not afflicted by malefic Saturn or Mars.

 

Gordon Ramsay

Gordon Ramsay

Let’s now inspect the temperament. Mercury is Lord of the Horoscope in Gemini and of the  Moon in Virgo. The star Aldebaran of Mars nature is rising with horoscope. The Moon is moving from the opposition with Saturn to the sextile with Mercury. The Moon is conjunct with Mars and in sextile with Jupiter. So Mercury is the primary Lord of Temperament. Mercury is combust so it’s mainly cold and dry. Saturn can add a secondary influence but we should take in account that Mercury is moving from Jupiter which receives it because Mercury is in Sagittarius and Mars and the Moon are in conjunction. Morever the Moon is waning heading toward the conjunction with the Sun and so she is cold and dry. I think that the raising star Aldebaran and the conjunction of Moon and Mars is prevailing.  So the temperament is Choleric Melancholic. Though the influence of Jupiter gives him a bigger and more flashy body. The Lord of the Soul is Jupiter with the secondary influence of Mars. In fact Jupiter receives Mercury and the Moon is with Mars. As Ptolemy says

Jupiter allied with Mars in honourable positions makes his subjects rough, pugnacious, military, managerial, restless, unruly, ardent, reckless, practical, outspoken, critical, effective, contentious, commanding, given to plotting, respectable, virile, fond of victory, but magnanimous, ambitious, passionate, judicious, successful. In the opposite position he makes them insolent, undiscriminating, savage, implacable, seditious, contentious, stubborn, slanderous, conceited, avaricious, rapacious, quickly changeable, light, readily changing their minds, unstable, headstrong, untrustworthy, of poor judgement, unfeeling, excitable, active, querulous, prodigal, gossipy, and in all ways uneven and easily excited.

Vittorio Sgarbi is an Italian art critic, art historian, politician and television celebrity. Erudite and skillful charmer and storyteller, became very popular in television shows and in society news for blatant outbursts with those who contradict him. Sgarbi in italian means ‘rude acts’ and that is perfectly right. Nomen omen, said the Latins. He is also a womanizer told to be father of about forty children but he acknowledged the parternity only of two of them. Vittorio Sgarbi The Lord of activity is not so clear at first sight. Since Mercury and Venus are invisible and there no presence of planets near the upper angle it seems that no planet is suitable to be Lord of activity. But Mercury is very often invisible due to its closeness to the Sun and in this chart is oriental and the Moon is moving from the its opposition, it can be considered the Lord of Activity. Moreover the Moon is opposing  Mercury in mundo very closely. The Moon is moving from Mercury applying to Jupiter thus collecting the light of Mercury, Jupiter and Venus as it can be seen from the picture below.Moon Vis Luminis Therefore we can say that Mercury is Lord of Activity with the participation of Jupiter and Venus.  As Ptolemy says:

For if Mercury governs action, to speak generally, he makes his subjects scribes, men of business, calculators, teachers, merchants, bankers, soothsayers, astrologers, sacrificers, and in general those who perform their functions by means of documents, interpretation, and giving and taking. And if Saturn testifies to him, they will be managers of the property of others, interpreters of dreams, or frequenters of temples for the purpose of prophecies and inspiration. If it is Jupiter that witnesses, they will be law-makers, orators, sophists, who enjoy familiarity with great persons.

So the polyhedral activities of Vittorio Sgarbi as art expert, politician and show man is well signified by Mercury with the participation of Jupiter and Venus.

Vittorio Sgarbi

Vittorio Sgarbi

Vittorio Sgarbi’s Lord of temperament is Saturn having dignity on the horoscope and the Moon and being in conjunction with the Moon. Secondary Lord is Mercury because it aspects the Moon and it si the nocturnal ruler of the air triplicity to which the horoscope and the Moon belong. Saturn is cold and dry and Mercury is dry and hot. The Moon is moist and hot going to the plenilune. Mars in domicile is parallel to the Moon and oppose Venus and Jupiter. His temperament is mainly Melancholic with a Choleric undertone.   The Lord of the Soul is Mars with the help of Venus.

Allied with Venus, in honourable positions, Mars makes his subjects pleasing, cheerful, friendly, soft living, happy, playful, artless, graceful, fond of dancing, erotic, artistic, imitative, pleasure-loving, able to secure -themselves property, masculine, and given to misconduct in matters of love, but still successful, circumspect, and sensible, difficult to convict and discreet, furthermore passionate for both young men and young women, spendthrifts, quick-tempered, and jealous. In contrary positions he makes them leering, lascivious, profligate, indifferent, slanderers, adulterers, insolent, liars, deceivers, seducers of those both in their own families and in those of others, at the same time keen and insatiate of pleasure, corrupters of women and maidens, venturesome, ardent, unruly, treacherous, perjurers, easily influenced and of unsound mind, but sometimes likewise profligate, fond of adornment, bold, disposed to base practices, and shameless.