Tag Archives: Giuseppe Bezza

A heritage to be saved

BootesOn Sunday morning 16th of November 2014 I went to Florence to attend the annual meeting of the Italian Classical Astrology Association ‘Cielo e Terra’. After the deaths of the  president, Giuseppe Bezza and vice president Marco Fumagalli, it was as our fathers, teachers and tutors were no more with us and like minor orphans we should try to find a way to lead the association through a difficult phase safely to new destinations. I was as many other friends and associates afraid of the difficulties, challenges and uncertainties we were going to face.

The meeting started around 11am in Florence.

Assemblea Cielo e Terra

The horoscope is in Capricorn and Mars exalted is in the Ist house close to the horizon. The lord of horoscope, Saturn is in Scorpio combust in the X house with Sun and Venus which is also combust. Saturn is dignified by term.Though Saturn, the lord of horoscope, is in X house dignified by term, is combust and so it’s not very able to  take action. In fact the association ceased almost any activity due to the illness of the president and vice president and now after their death is still trying to figure out how to managed their heritage and which activities promote for the future.

Mars exalted at the horoscope can be considerated a secondary lord of the horoscope, if not primary due to conjuction, having a great dignitiy over the ascendent. Mars, though, is against the hairesis, being in a diurnal chart, and so it doesn’t work for the benifit of the association. Mars could be a sign of conflict, lack of unity and antagonistic interests within the association.

At the eastern horizon the Aculeus Scorpionis, nebula of Moon and Mars nature, is rising. This nebula is also conjunct with Mars. Nebulae are generally harmful celestial bodies. About the Aculeus Scorpionis Jean Stade in ‘Fixis Stellis Commentarius’ (1560) says that the Sting of the Scorpio with the Lord of Geniture predicts poisoning.Mars actually is the dominus geniturae being the most essentially and accidentally dignified planet. So in this case the Aculeus Scorpionis can signify the poisoning effect of secret revalry , of personal interests and selfish ambition to be part of the leadership or to be in a position of supremacy in the italian community of classical astrology.

Mars is also  the Lord of Medium Coeli. Mercury in Scorpio, dignified by term and at the supernal pivot, squares Mars with a right ray. Here this aspect is a Epidekatéia, that is a a particular form of overeminance that occurs when the star is located right at the tenth place from the left planet and aspects it by a mundane square. It is the strongest form of overeminance and always determines the prevalence of the right star over the left one. Here Mercury prevail over Mars, though as many astrologer says, this configuration still concerns fear of the future, cunning, greed of the property of others and even theft. Also this configuration is good in astrologer and medic’s genitures. Definitely it’s a sign that the members of association are lover of knowledge and wish to take care of the treasures which the association has got but at the same time shows the greed for possension and control of such material and of predominance in the classical astrology community in Italy.

Mercury and Mars are also significator of activity. Because they are connect by square and   located at the oriental and supernal pivots they are very productive and so we can forecast that  the association will be quite active in the future.

The star Arcturus, of Mars Jupiter nature, is culminating and gives reputation and profit from managing and keeping of other’s fortunes. After the Giuseppe Bezza’s death his cultural heritage and also his huge amount of astrological material and writings should find a proper custodianship in a  public cultural institution, university or library. In any case the association will be warrantor of the accessibility and will be promoter of the teachings of Giuseppe Bezza and Marco Fumagalli for the improvement and spread of classical astrology.

The Moon is moving from Mars to Mercury and so it again underlines the Mars Mercury aspect.

The Lot of Fortune is combust with Saturn and Sun. Being combust, it will not be able to act and, though its lord, Mars,  is dignified and angular, the Lot is not connect with it. Moreover the Lot of Fortune conjunct with Sun shows that the life of the association can be in danger.

The Lot of Spirit instead, though is cadent, is connect with its lord, Mars and therefore the projects and will of the association will be pursued.

Finally some word about the secret enemies of the association. From the XII huose and its lord we can evalue their position. Here Jupiter the Lord of the XII house is on the cusp of the VII house in Leo, dignified only by triplicity. Since Jupiter is in aversion with the horoscope and Mars, lord of the chart, and deflux from the square with Saturn, Lord of the Horoscope, we can be quite sure that those secret enemies will be harmless.


Swan Song


“quanto oro ti darei

oro oro oro

per averti così”

from song “Oro”

The Italian singer and songwriter Mango died by a heart attack the 7th of December while performing the song “Oro” during a concert in Policoro, province of Matera. Mango accused an illness while he was singing one of his most famous songs and, apologizing to the audience, stops the show. Brought backstage for first aid, the artist died before arrival to the hospital, at the age of 60. On December 9, 2014 died also the older brother, Giovanni. The man, who was 75 years old, fell ill during the funeral wake. The other two Mango’s brothers – were four in all, namely the second and the fourth, Michele and Armando, composer of some of his most famous songs – who went to the hospital to visit his older brother ignoring that he was dead, and just they came to emergency room  they fell in turn ill and both were hospitalized.

Mango began his musical activity as a teen, playing with several local bands. In 1975, he moved to Rome and recorded his first album. In the eighties he became a nationwide famous singer, firstly participating at the San Remo Music Festival and then with a summer hit “Bella d’Estate” written with Lucio Dalla. From that point on he continued his artistic career composing and singing  many famous songs.

His style is known for its fusion of different sounds including pop, rock, soul and world music, combined with an instrumental use of the voice and a compositional structure based on use of sophisticated rhythms. In addition to his solo career , Mango wrote songs for several famous italian artists including Mia Martini, Patty Pravo, Andrea Bocelli, Loretta Goggi, Mietta and Loredana Berte, some of them in collaboration with his brother Armando. His songs have also been interpreted by international artists such as English Leo Sayer, the French Hélène Ségara and Greek Eleftheria Arvanitaki.

The Geniture

Mango was born in Lagonegro the 6th of November 1954 around 8:30 local time. I rectified the time of nativity to 8:42 by death Direction; indeed Mars is exactly directed on the Horoscope for that time. Mars is the most eligible as the Anareta since it is the out-of-sect malefic and squared the Sun in his geniture.

Pino Mango

This geniture does not seem very dignified since there are no proper doryphory to the Sun. The two planet being oriental to the Sun are Mercury and Jupiter but neither of them has dignity in Sun’s place and is located close to a pivot. But we should notice that the star Sirius is setting on the western horizon. Sirius is the brightest star and gives honors and authorities.

Mercury is the Lord of Activity , being oriental, having done the heliacal rising in the previous seven days also being the Lord of the Medium Coeli.  Mercury is in Libra, Venus domicile,  aerial sign connect with art, music and singing. Jupiter from  Cancer collects the lights of Mercury and Venus, aspecting Mercury with a square and Venus with a trine. Ptolemy say that singers and musicians have Mercury and Venus as signifier of activity.  The star Denebola of Venus-Saturn nature is at the Medium Coeli. Denebola gives popularity. Star Arcturus is with Mercury and gives ambition and magnanimity.

Let’s search for the Apheta in this geniture. The Sun is located in the supernal hemisphere but is too close to the 5 equatorial degrees which Ptolemy says to subtract to the aphetical places. Therefore we discard the Sun and the horoscope is the Apheta. The Oikodespotes or Alcochoden is the planet aspecting the Apheta and having the greatest essential dignity.  Unfortunately no planets having dignity in the place of horoscope also aspects the horoscope. There are so two possibilities for the Alcochoden: the planet having the greatest dignity on horoscope, Jupiter or the planet being configured the horoscope, Mercury or Mars.

If we consider Jupiter as Alcochoden, Jupiter in the VIII house gives the middle years, that are 45.5 years and since Jupiter is  squared by Mercury, Mercury doesn’t add years, but being trine by Venus we can add 8 years and 45 months. This amounts to  57 years and 3 months.

If we try the other possibilities we find in both cases a life length much lesser than the one calculated before, and so they are unsuitable.

Mango’s Brothers

According to Ptolemy in the chapter “Of brothers and sisters” of the Tetrabiblos:

As for that of brethren, if here too one examines only the general subject and does not carry beyond the bounds of possibility his inquiry as to the exact number and other particulars, it is more naturally to be taken, when it is a question of blood-brethren alone, from the culminating sign from the place of the mother, that is, that which contains by day Venus and by night the moon; for in this place and that which succeeds it is the place of the children of the mother, which should be the same as the place of the brethren of the offspring.

In this geniture the place of the mother is Venus in the 27th degree of Scorpio and the culminating sign from this place is located at the 14th degree of Virgo. So the culminating place and the following one cover half of Virgo sign till the end of Libra and beyond.

Ptolemy then says to evaluate the brothers from the planets aspecting those places. Mercury is in the succedent place from the Midheaven. The 14th degree of Virgo, the culminating place from Venus, is aspected in mundo by Moon, Sun and Saturn. The eleventh place cusp is aspected by Jupiter. The ascendant is in Scorpio a watery, fecund sign. The culminating place is in Virgo, a bicorporeal sign but of few offsprings. So a moderate number of brethren can be aspected. Mango has three brothers and one sister Angela aged 53.

Ptolemy says to judge the age from the orientality in the quadrant and the sex from the masculinity and femininity of the planets givers of brethren. Sun, Saturn and Mercury are more oriental in respect of quadrants and Jupiter and Moon more occidental. So two brother are older than him and the other two younger. Since Saturn, Mercury and Jupiter are oriental to the Sun and the Moon occidental, three of them are males and one female.

Ptolemy says then:

Moreover if the givers are well configured to the planet that rules the place of the brothers then brothers will show friendship and goodwill; furthermore, if they will be well-configured with the Lot of Fortune, the brothers also have commonality of life. But if they are in places  in aversion or adverse position they will be hostile, envy, and in general they will undermine each other.

The Sun is widely conjunct with Mercury and Jupiter squared Mercury in mundo. So the older brother was friendly and caring; the younger was close to Mango and the others brother but sometimes not quite friendly. The sister and the other brother more distant from the other brethren.

The Lot of Brother is also in Virgo close to the culminating place from Venus. So Mercury is also the Lord of the Lot of Brothers. Mercury is parallel in mundo with Mars and is squared in mundo by Jupiter. We will see that this parallel with Mars in mundo will be important for the events closely following Mango’s death, that is, the older brother death and the other brothers hospitalization.

The last show

Let’s look at the Profection for 7th of December 2014. Mango was just 60 years old, so in this Profection the places for planets and horoscope are again in the same positions as in the geniture. Because the Sun is an aphetic place and Sun in the nativity is squared by  Mars the same configuration is found in the Profection. Also we can note that Jupiter lord of Moon and Horoscope, that is the time lord,  is in the VII house, in aversion with ascendant.

Let’s look at the Solar Revolution for the same year.

Mango Revolution

The Sun, Lord of the Revolution horoscope, is with star Arcturus, bright star of Mars-Jupiter nature, and is aspected with a dexter square by Jupiter.

The Moon is moving from the opposition of Mercury to the trine of Mars in the VI house.

The Solar Revolution horoscope at the beginning of Leo is conjunct with natal Jupiter.

The Revolution Sun, that is the Lord of the Horoscope of revolution, is squared by Mars of nativity.

Mars of Revolution is conjunct with Caput Draconis of nativity.

Mango Revolution Geniture

We see here many testimonies of Mars but also the presence of Jupiter. Though Jupiter is beneficial and helpful, it has to be take in account that Jupiter is always configured with a square in those charts and also in the geniture it is found in the VIII house, so its presence is not enough to avert and banish the dangerous influx of Mars but instead gives both a public and notable death and also a quick and without suffering one.

Finally  the Direction.

Mango Mundane Directions

We already know that I rectified the geniture in such a way that the promissor, the horoscope, was exactly reached by Direction of Mars by movement of the Primum Mobile. Since Mars, concerning illness is also significator of strokes and Mars is posited in Aquarius that  Albumasar says is connect to arterial illness, this configuration can be sign of a death caused by a heart attack. We notice also that Sun and Saturn directed are joined with Daimon or the Lot of Spirit of the nativity. Giuseppe Bezza, in one of his seminary, told that the conjunction of Sun with Daimon is a sign of death by heart attack. Moreover here Sun and Saturn direct are making a parallel in mundo with natal Tyche or Lot of Fortune. Jupiter directed is in VI house and squared natal Moon.

Mango Solar Revolution Direction

If we compare the Direction with Solar Revolution we see many relevant configurations.

Mars in Solar Revolution is conjunct with directed Sun.

Moon in Solar Revolution is conjunct with directed Mars.

Saturn in solar Revolution is opposed to directed Moon.

Jupiter in Solar Revolution is squared by directed Moon.

Here Mars strikes both luminaries and Jupiter again is not able to soothe the injuries.

The entwined destinies

Very surprisingly after the Mango’s death in the following few days before the funeral also his older brother died and the other two brother fell hill. This is a quite unusual event and we should find some signs in preceding figures. We can consider both Mercury and the Lot of Brothers as significator of Mango’s brothers.

The Lot of Brothers in the Solar Revolution is at supernal pivot showing something about the his brothers will be related to his career and will be noted.

Mercury directed have reached the term of Mars; it is in VIII house, it oppose natal Mars and square Sun and Saturn showing that his brothers will be also in danger.

As we have already seen talking about the planets givers of brother in Mango’s geniture, Sun is the significator of the older brother, the one who died shortly after him. In the Profection, the Solar Revolution and the Direction Sun is afflicted by Mars as bitterly as Mango’s horoscope.

Nigro notanda lapillo

Last week a friend of mine told me that my teacher of classical astrology, Marco Fumagalli, has departed. He was very ill and during the last two years he couldn’t be present at any of the traditional astrology events here in Italy. He was the close friend and collaborator of Giuseppe Bezza in the traditional astrology association, Cielo e Terra. His contribution as teacher and expert of classical astrology was invaluable. He was a very clear, informative and attention holding lecturer and teacher using visual and computer aids to demonstrate and exemplify the concepts and teachings. He also worked for many years in the developing of a computer program, Phasis, suitable for traditional astrologer and especially for astrologer using the methods and teachings of Cielo e Terra.

Last year in Florence at the midday break during the first seminary of Giuseppe Bezza, Giuseppe told me, talking about his mission to decode and spread the tradition of classical astrology: “What otherwise can we do? This is my life and today my only thought goes to Marco who can not be with us”. A year to be marked by a black pebble, nigro notanda lapillo, Latins would say referring to this year during which the italian traditional astrology community has lost two so great personalities. My hope rests on the member of ‘Cielo e Terra’ association to preserve and continue  their teachings and work to honor the memory of Giuseppe Bezza e Marco Fumagalli.


This late morning I received a phone call from a friend of mine who announced me that our master and teacher, Giuseppe Bezza, died. It was an expected yet surprising report. Our teacher was ill and we knew the seriousness of his illness. But we have still continued hoping him to get well soon and that we could see him again and listen to his wise, knowledgeable words. For me it has been like living again the moment when, as a student of his classical astrology course, I was told that the course was going to be stopped due to the teacher health condition. I felt at the same time both the incoming loss of his presence and guidance and his knowledge and science. So I know that his departure for friends and acquaintances and lovers of astrological studies is a great loss.

ImmagineI keep preserving in my mind the recollection of the meetings of a circle of friends and students around our teacher to attend the lesson about classical astrological techniques which took place in Florence last year during springtime. It was so cosy and warm to be among  friends in presence of our teacher, uplifted from our problems and daily duties like surrounded and nurtured by a ‘hortus conclusus’, a citadel of the spirit and science. To be part of something, to belong to: I know what it does mean.

Thank you dear master, i will never forget. May you reach the stars you studied and contemplated so long. Vale